Indonesia faces increasingly frequent and large disasters. The 2020-2024 National Action Plan for Disaster Management (RAN PB) indicates that the frequency and scale of geological and hydrometeorological disasters have increased in the last five years (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, 2020). In 2020 alone, Indonesia faced 2,884 disasters—most of which were floods (39,7%), tornadoes (30,2%), and landslides (13,3%)—which have damaged and destroyed 9,982 houses and public facilities. This increased frequency and scale continues a trend observed in 2015. The 2015-2019 RAN PB noted that between 2005-2015 Indonesia experienced a significant increase in disasters compared to the decades that came before it. The report noted that due to increasingly extreme climate change, unmanaged demographic bonus, and the continuous environmental degradation, between 2005-2015, Indonesia experienced 11,274 disasters which claimed the lives of 193,240 people and resulted in the loss of IDR 420 trillion (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, 2015).